What are musculoskeletal disorders? medicine

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are conditions that can affect your muscles, bones, and joints. MSDs include:

MSDs are common. And your risk of developing them increases with age.

The severity of MSDs can vary. In some cases, they cause pain and discomfort that interferes with everyday activities. Early diagnosis and treatment may help ease symptoms and improve long-term outlook.

What are the symptoms of MSDs?

Symptoms of MSDs can include:

  • recurrent pain
  • stiff joints
  • swelling
  • dull aches

They can affect any major area of your musculoskeletal system, including the following:

  • neck
  • shoulders
  • wrists
  • back
  • hips
  • legs
  • knees
  • feet

In some cases, the symptoms of MSDs interfere with everyday activities like walking or typing. You may develop a limited range of motion or have trouble completing routine tasks.

Ziad El-Geady

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